Linux File Server
A file server differs from a personal computer (PC) in that the server is dedicated to storing files in a centralized location while permitting access to networked computers.
By having a file server, users can save work and have access to files without having to carry around a disk. Access privileges can be restricted to guests and registered users. Meanwhile a centralized location means once place to backup all files.
File servers allow networked computers to share files at their discretion. Servers also allow you to save work and have access to it without carrying around a disk. On a personal file server, you can restrict access privileges to guests and registered users.
This is the most common type of server in small businesses. A file server enables all files to be stored in a central location, which accommodates centralized backup strategies (one place to backup all files) and security implementation (depending on the operating system, individuals can be assigned different access rights to stored information).
Linux works great as a network file server. Linux includes software called samba that allows files on the server to be viewed and edited on any Windows 95/98/ME/2000/NT PC or Macintosh computer. In fact, you can connect to shares on the Linux file server, just as you would on your Windows NT/2000 file server. Everything will look the same and there are no per-user licenses required.
So, if everything is the same, why switch to a Linux file server? For the same reasons listed in our Why Linux? section. But to summarize: